The tonsils and adenoids are part of the lymphatic system and serve as defenders of the immune system, protecting the body by preventing germs and bacteria from entering through the mouth and nose. Occasionally, they will develop problems themselves, requiring the attention of an ENT specialist.
The tonsils (located in the back of the throat) and adenoids (high in the throat, behind the nose and soft palate) work together to protect the body from illness – but sometimes fall prey themselves.
Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils that causes soreness and swelling. Affected tonsils appear red and may have white or yellow spots. Symptoms include sore throat, fever, bad breath, ear pain, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and difficulty swallowing. Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) was a common practice in the past, but now doctors prefer to treat the condition with antibiotics first. If a patient is subject to chronic tonsillitis, a tonsillectomy (and often an adenoidectomy, as well) may be recommended.
Enlarged tonsils and adenoids are another problem; they block the airways and cause soreness, ear infections and breathing difficulties. Side effects include runny nose, snoring and sleep apnea. Steroid treatment is sometimes helpful, but in many cases, enlarged tonsils and adenoids need to be removed surgically.
If surgery is required to remove the tonsils and adenoids, recovery usually takes seven to ten days. For a painless and smooth recovery, it is important to drink plenty of fluids, eat a soft diet initially, increase activity slowly and take pain medication as prescribed.
Scabs will form where the tonsils and adenoids were removed. These should fall off five to ten days after surgery. There should not be any bleeding other than a little spotting in the saliva. If bright red blood is seen, contact a physician immediately.
Call Southern Utah Ear, Nose, Throat, Allergy, and Facial Plastics at (435) 628-3334 for more information or to schedule an appointment.