Throat & Neck

Pediatric Throat Services

Tonsil infection, or tonsillitis, is an inflammation of the tonsils caused by a viral or bacterial infection. It is a common childhood illness, striking those between the ages of 5 and 15 most often. Tonsil Infection Causes The tonsils, soft tissues positioned behind the tongue in the back of the throat, were once considered unnecessary,…

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Swallowing Disorders

Trouble swallowing, known medically as dysphagia, occurs when food feels like it is sticking in the throat or chest. It is usually the result of an improperly functioning esophagus and tends to affect the elderly more than any other age group. Symptoms Occasional difficulty swallowing affects almost everybody and isn’t cause for alarm; sometimes we…

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Thyroid and Parathyroid

The thyroid and parathyroid are both glands in the neck that are responsible for producing hormones. The thyroid regulates the body’s metabolism, while the parathyroid controls the levels of calcium in the body. Both are prone to disorders involving abnormal amounts of hormone production. Hyperthyroidism When the thyroid produces too much hormone, a condition called…

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Tonsils & Adenoids

The tonsils and adenoids are part of the lymphatic system and serve as defenders of the immune system, protecting the body by preventing germs and bacteria from entering through the mouth and nose. Occasionally, they will develop problems themselves, requiring the attention of an ENT specialist. The tonsils (located in the back of the throat)…

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Reflux

Acid reflux, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a chronic digestive condition that causes painful heartburn and regurgitation for millions of Americans every year. It occurs when the contents of the stomach seep backward into the esophagus. Acid Reflux Risks Normally, following a meal, a valve on the esophagus – the sphincter – closes, preventing…

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Head & Neck Masses

Head and neck cancers are those that grow in and around the throat, larynx, nose, sinuses and mouth. The majority of these cancers are squamous cell carcinomas that form in the cells lining the mucosal surfaces of the head and neck. They often spread to the lymph nodes, but are highly curable if discovered early.…

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Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a chronic condition characterized by pauses in breathing that occur repeatedly throughout the night. They may last anywhere from a few seconds to a couple of minutes and occur in conjunction with loud snoring. People with sleep apnea often feel tired during the day, since the quality of sleep they do receive…

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Hoarseness

Hoarseness is an inflammation of the larynx that results in a change in the voice, making it sound breathy, raspy, scratchy or strained. There may be changes in volume and pitch, as well. Hoarseness falls under the medical category of dysphonia, which refers to voice impairment or any sort of difficulty speaking. Hoarseness Causes Hoarseness…

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Vocal Cords

Vocal cords, often referred to as vocal folds, play an essential role in the production of human voice. First there must be air in the lungs; this occurs through the act of inhaling. The air is then pushed through the lungs into the windpipe. At the top of the windpipe sit the vocal cords. The…

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Aphasia

Aphasia is a disorder that makes it difficult for a patient to read, write and speak. It occurs when the part of the brain that controls language is damaged, frequently as a result of a stroke or head injury. Other causes include brain tumors, infections and degenerative diseases. Damage to the left side of the…

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