With the coronavirus pandemic coinciding with spring allergy season, people with allergies may have trouble distinguishing whether their symptoms are the result of pollen exposure and other allergen triggers or associated with COVID-19. To help calm any fear, understanding the differences between allergies and coronavirus—while acknowledging that there are certain similarities—is key.
One of the biggest differences between the two is that allergy symptoms are generally the same from year to year. Any significant change in allergy symptoms from what you normally experience should prompt you to seek medical attention just to be safe.
- Symptoms associated with allergies and COVID-19 are as follows:
- Allergies typically cause itchy, watery eyes, runny nose, sneezing and congestion.
COVID-19 symptoms usually include fever, body aches, dry cough and breathing difficulty.
Probably the biggest difference is the presence of a fever. Seasonal allergy sufferers rarely experience an elevated temperature, but it’s one of the main symptoms of the coronavirus. Additionally, a significant number of COVID-19 patients experience a loss of smell or taste, even in the absence of other symptoms.
Because shortness of breath is often associated with asthma, people suffering from the breathing disorder may also be uncertain whether their symptoms are the result of asthma or COVID-19. The same applies to patients with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), whose symptoms are often exacerbated by seasonal allergies.
Erring on the side of caution is best; if you have trouble breathing but don’t experience allergy symptoms, it’s best to seek medical attention.
If you have seasonal allergy symptoms, treat them as you normally would; over-the-counter nasal corticosteroid sprays and antihistamines work best. If these medications don’t ease your symptoms within a day or two, let your doctor know.
If you develop a dry cough, fever or shortness of breath, or think you might have been exposed to somebody with COVID-19, alert your health care provider immediately.